Intimate partner violence against women is a widespread phenomenon that is the cause of many deleterious health and social consequences. This study examines the impact of some risk factors on partner violence in the eastern region of Iran, using path analysis. The study used a population-based cross sectional study design. In this study, 251 married women who were referred to the health centers were selected through a proportionally stratified and randomized sampling method. Domestic violence was measured using Conflict Tactics Scale and the socio-demographic variable was assessed by a self-report questionnaire. Bayesian Structural Equation Modeling was used for evaluating the overall path analysis and the direct and indirect p-value was estimated by Bootstrap method. AMOS and SPSS software were used to analyze data. The prevalence of overall violence was 78.1%, with 37.8% and 0.8% of women reporting minor and severe violence, respectively, and 39.8% reporting both severe and minor forms of violence. Psychological violence was the most common type of violence reported (66.5%). The model showed that husbands’ drug abuse and women's higher level of education compared to their husbands were the first and second most important factors that significantly and directly influenced the violence. The women's attitude, however, had the least effect on the violence. The findings indicated that higher educated women and women with addicted husbands were more likely to experience violence. Treating the drug abuse disorders, especially mental disorders, using behavioral couple's therapy, as well as modifying certain traditional and cultural biases against women's empowerment are suggested.
Introduction: Ceasarean rate for non-medical reasons, despite its high complication, is rising. Behavioral science theories to understand and assess the relevant factors and its reduction can also be beneficial. This study examined the effect of intervention based on Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) in selection of vaginal delivery on pregnant women. Materials and Methods: This prospective quasi-experimental study conducted on 90 pregnant women want selective cesarean section, refered to Health centers of Sabzevar in 2012. 45 participants in case group received educational intervention based on TRA and 45 participants in control group received routine educational intervention. The effect of intervention were evaluated through the kind of delivery were reported in family files. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version16), using Chi-square, Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon, Independent T, and paired T tests. P Value less than 0.05 were considered significant. Results: 7 women (15.6) in case group and No one (0) In control group, definitely had the intention of vaginal delivery selection. 21 women (46.7) and 29 women (64.6) of control and case groups probably intended the selection of vaginal delivery after intervention (p<0.001). Conclusion: Intervention based on Theory of Reasoned Action might be effective in increasing pregnant women's intention to vaginal delivery selection. More studies about Related factors of vaginal delivery selection ،specially from behavioral intention up to behavior suggested.